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美國小學英語教材6:第224課 廣播中的音樂大師(4)

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The violins, never silent for long, laughed in rollicking glee or sobbed as if in pain; a flute began its merry piping,

小提琴從沒有長時間安靜過,它們會喜笑顏開,或痛苦地哭泣,長笛開始了歡快的音樂,
and was closely followed by the delicate tinkle of the triangle and the bells. As the music went on, it seemed to make little pictures for the children to see.
緊隨而來的是三腳架和排鐘微妙的叮當聲,隨著音樂繼續,兒童眼前似乎呈現出了一幅畫。
A party of guests arrived noisily at a castle, or a victorious general returned to his people, announced by a sounding of trumpets.
一群顧客吵吵鬧鬧地抵達了一座城堡,或是一名勝利歸來的將軍,用轟隆隆的喇叭宣布。
These pictures, Damrosch explained, were the ones which had in the composer's mind when he wrote the music that had just been played.
據達姆羅施解釋,在作曲家創作這部歌劇時,他的腦海中出現了這些畫面。
The years passed, and Damrosch continued with his special concerts for children. In 1903 he had organized the New York Symphony Orchestra.
過了幾年后,達姆羅施繼續為兒童舉辦特殊演奏會,1903年,他曾組織紐約的交響樂隊。
For a number of years afterwards, he traveled with his orchestra all over the United States. Many communities he visited had never heard a symphony orchestra play.
幾年之后,他個管弦樂隊走訪了全美,一些他訪問的地區從未聽過交響樂演奏。

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To them, as to the children of: New York City, Damrosch introduced the members of his large musical family.

對于他們就像對紐約的兒童一樣,達姆羅施介紹了音樂大家庭的成員。
His audience could see that a symphony orchestra is composed of four kinds of instruments.
他的觀眾了解到交響樂隊由四個種類的樂器組成。
First, there are the strings, made up almost entirely of violins and violin-like instruments in different sizes.
首先是弦樂器,幾乎全部由小提琴或不同大小的類似小提琴的樂器。
These outnumber all the other instruments of the orchestra, for they can express more different kinds of tones and feelings as well.
這些比樂隊的其它樂器總和要多,因為它們可以表達更多不同類型的氣氛和感覺。
The strings usually carry the melody or tune of any selection played, and their voices are heard longer and more often than any other class of instruments while the orchestra is playing.
弦樂器通常是所有奏章的主旋律或主要氣氛,它們的音色的持久性更長,比交響樂的其它級別樂器的時間都長。
Then there are the woodwinds, the flute, oboe, clarinet, etc. only two or three of a kind.
之后是木管樂器,長笛,雙簧管和單簧管等等,只有兩三種。
These are said to be descended from the little Panpipes of hollow reeds upon which shepherds used to play while watching their flocks.
這些樂器被認為來自空心蘆葦制成的牧笛,牧羊人放牧時曾演奏的樂器。
At any rate, the woodwinds have peculiar reedy voices which enable them to be heard when speaking separately, as they generally do,
無論如何,木管樂器擁有特殊的刺耳聲音,能夠在分別演奏時,也是它們經常做的,可以讓人們能夠聽到聲音,
or even when all of the strings are playing.
甚至在所有弦樂器演奏時也可以。

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
composed [kəm'pəuzd]

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adj. 鎮靜的,沉著的

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flute [flu:t]

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n. 長笛 vi. 吹長笛,發出笛聲 vt. 制或刻垂直

 
announced [ə'naunst]

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宣布的

 
tune [tju:n]

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n. 曲調,調子,和諧,協調,調整
vt. 調

 
hollow ['hɔləu]

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n. 洞,窟窿,山谷
adj. 空的,虛偽的,

 
delicate ['delikit]

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n. 精美的東西
adj. 精美的,微妙的,美

 
symphony ['simfəni]

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n. 交響樂

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orchestra ['ɔ:kistrə]

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n. 管弦樂隊

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triangle ['traiæŋgl]

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n. 三角(形)

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melody ['melədi]

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n. 旋律,曲子,美的音樂,曲調

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