手機APP下載

您現在的位置: 首頁 > 在線廣播 > VOA慢速英語 > VOA慢速-美國人物志 > 正文

VOA美國人物志(翻譯+字幕+講解):歌唱普通人和社會問題的音樂家—伍迪·格思里(1)

來源:可可英語 編輯:hoy ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下載MP3到電腦  批量下載MP3和LRC到手機
加載中..
B7XC_&4,tw2Q)

|;R|(N]lJC~gf]

I'm Mary Tillotson. And I'm Steve Ember with the VOA Special English program, PEOPLE IN AMERICA. Today, we begin a two-part story about songwriter and singer Woody Guthrie. He wrote songs about common people and social issues in the nineteen thirties. His music influenced many people.
Imagine you are in America in the nineteen thirties. A train passes through the countryside. It is night time. And the only sound that can be heard is the long, lonely whistle coming from the train's engine. Inside the train's boxcars are groups of men sitting or lying on the floors. The men are dirty and their clothing is torn. In one boxcar, a short man with long, curly brown hair is playing a guitar and singing. His name is Woody Guthrie. He is singing a song about men who look for work as they travel from town to town.
Woodrow Wilson Guthrie was born in nineteen twelve in the American state of Oklahoma. The Guthrie family lived in a small farming town called Okemah. Woody's father, Charles, was a businessman who bought and sold land. Woody's mother, Nora, was a school teacher. She also liked to play the piano and sing. When Woody was young, his mother sang him songs she had learned as a girl. These songs told stories about love and death and difficult times.
Woody's early years were happy ones. But his life began to change when he was only ten years old. One day, his sister, Clara, spilled oil on her dress and accidentally set herself on fire. She died the next day. Woody never forgot her death.
As time passed, Woody's mother began acting strangely. She lost control over her actions and speech. Many people thought she was insane. Because of this, the Guthrie family became more private as they attempted to hide Nora's problems.
The loss of his daughter and his wife's suffering ruined Charles Guthrie. He began drinking alcohol. His business soon failed. The Guthrie family left Okemah and lived in several towns in Oklahoma and Texas. Young Woody often had to work instead of attending school because his family was poor.
The first musical instrument Woody learned to play was the harmonica. He learned to play the harmonica by watching an old man play the instrument. Woody learned how to play the guitar by watching his father's brother play. In the nineteen twenties, Woody was living in the town of Pampa, Texas. Pampa was known as a "boom town" because it had grown quickly after oil was discovered nearby.
On weekends, Woody joined other young men to play music at dances in the town. Years later, Woody described what singing meant to him:
"When you sing a song, it reaches out and enters people's ears. It makes them jump up and down, and sing it with you. The best part about singing is that you can sing what you think. You can tell all kinds of stories in a song, and put your ideas across to another person."
歌唱普通人和社會問題的音樂家—伍迪·格思里(1).png

cnV=GaaV!0]cdw

Woody liked to communicate with other people through his music. Yet he did not like to say much about himself. One reason for this was that he did not want people to know that his mother was in a hospital for insane people. Nora Guthrie suffered from Huntington's Chorea, a disease that destroys the brain and nervous system. Woody knew that someday he also might develop the disease.
He was seventeen years old when his mother died, in nineteen twenty-nine. That was the year when the economy of the United States began to slow down. Over the next several years, many Americans lost their jobs. The period became known as the Great Depression.
In Pampa, the oil fields dried up. Farms in many areas failed because little or no rain fell for several years. The land became so dry that wind easily blew away the top soil. These areas of Texas, Oklahoma and other states became known as the Dust Bowl.
Like many other people, Woody Guthrie left Pampa to travel around Texas and the Southwest looking for work. He often made trips by train. But because he had no money, he would jump on the train's boxcars and ride for free. This was often dangerous, because guards on the train would throw the men off or arrest them. However, Woody found this life exciting. One of the first songs he wrote was about leaving home and fleeing the Dust Bowl.
Woody Guthrie married Mary Jennings in nineteen thirty-three. They had three children. Three years later, Woody left his family and traveled to California. He met many kinds of people during his travels. He also learned songs from many different parts of the country. Yet what affected him most was the suffering he saw. He said: "When I saw hard-working people suffering under debts, sickness and worries, I knew there was plenty to make up songs about."
In California, Woody earned money by playing his guitar and singing. Later, he began performing on a radio program with a friend, Maxine Crissman. She was called Lefty Lou. They had one of the most popular radio programs in Los Angeles. They sang songs Woody had written about social issues. His best songs were about the troubles Americans faced during the Depression. This song is about the dangers of coal mining. It is called "The Dying Miner."
In nineteen thirty-eight, Woody Guthrie left the radio program to travel around California. He found that conditions had become worse for many people who had lost their land and fled the Dust Bowl.
Most of these "Dust Bowl refugees" could only find seasonal farm work like gathering fruit from trees. Farm owners did not pay these workers much money. The workers lived in camps that were often dirty and had no running water. Hunger and sickness were widespread. The people in the camps seemed to have lost all hope of improving their lives. Woody wrote a song about them called "Dust Bowl Refugees."
The oppression and bad conditions in the workers' camps made Woody Guthrie angry. He began helping labor organizers establish unions to help the workers. Next week, we tell about how he traveled to New York City and became a well-known musician.

IrFw7]u15lv!(U[

g_lwfE28!3Rejv][email protected]E,[email protected](0D-x*[email protected][zqA[0q&

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
affected [ə'fektid]

想一想再看

adj. 受影響的,受感動的,受疾病侵襲的 adj. 做

聯想記憶
communicate [kə'mju:nikeit]

想一想再看

v. 交流,傳達,溝通

聯想記憶
fell [fel]

想一想再看

動詞fall的過去式
n. 獸皮
v

聯想記憶
alcohol ['ælkəhɔl]

想一想再看

n. 酒精,乙醇,酒

 
plane [plein]

想一想再看

adj. 平的,與飛機有關的
n. 飛機,水平

 
bowl [bəul]

想一想再看

n. 碗,碗狀物,季后賽,圓形露天劇場
v.

 
instrument ['instrumənt]

想一想再看

n. 樂器,工具,儀器,器械

聯想記憶
social ['səuʃəl]

想一想再看

adj. 社會的,社交的
n. 社交聚會

 
whistle ['wisl]

想一想再看

n. 口哨,汽笛,廠笛,嘯嘯聲,用于召喚或發布命令的哨聲

 
control [kən'trəul]

想一想再看

n. 克制,控制,管制,操作裝置
vt. 控制

 
?
發布評論我來說2句

    英語學習推薦

    • 英語聽寫訓練
      聽寫強化訓練系統有聽寫比對,按句停頓,中文翻譯、聽寫錯詞提示等特色功能.
    • 可可英語微信:ikekenet
      關注可可英語官方微信,每天將會向大家推送短小精悍的英語學習資料..

    科學美國人60秒

    可可英語官方微信(微信號:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英語學習資料.

    添加方式1.掃描上方可可官方微信二維碼。
    添加方式2.搜索微信號ikekenet添加即可。
    2017年七星彩的走势图